Why Finland become an education leader in the world

Finland has been attracting attention on global surveys of Newsweek, which ranked it number one in 2010. What’s more, Finland’s national education system has been receiving particular praise, because in recent years Finnish students have been turning in some of the highest test scores in the world.[1] It seems that Finland has become the most powerful country in education. After researching, I conclude some reasons for the phenomenon as follows.

Above all, in the matter of the educational system, the Finnish government would spend more money in it. Jeffery Sellers, a University of Southern California political scientist, found another key difference between US and Finland, Finland has much more powerful local governments than the US, and they’re tasked with executing the myriad functions of the welfare system, especially the educational system[2]. There is no doubt that the government would expend more money in the development of Finnish education.

Otherwise, authorities trust schools and political parties agree on the direction of educational reforms and the school administration in Finland is based on delegation and decentralization.[3] It means that the government has confidence in the measures of schools, and they would not intervene too much in school. In the case, schools can acquire ownership of teaching because they realize the requirements of students more than government. However in China, schools are subject to the arrangement from government in order that students would be taught a lot with socialist views no matter whether they want.

In the matter of students, Finnish students always study with fewer burdens than their peers in other countries. Finland has no standardized tests. The only exception is what’s called the National Matriculation Exam, which everyone takes at the end of a voluntary upper-secondary school, roughly the equivalent of American high school.[4]

In addition, they don’t need to pay more attention on their homework because they don’t have much homework. Compare with Finland, Chinese and America students need to pay more attention on test. “Education in the United States is too much defined by testing and data,” said Pasi Sahlberg, who is a famous Finnish educator and scholar. In China, students not only need to focus on various exams from many kinds of subjects but also need to concentrate on the heavy homework burden.

Furthermore, no matter clever or not, students would be taught in the same classroom. As a Chinese student, I would tell you that the grade really plays an important role to assess students in school. Students would be divided into gifted students and ordinary students. Besides, the evaluation standard is the grade the student got. If you get a high score and rank high in the final examination, you will be changed into the special class next term, otherwise you definitely will be kept in the regular class.

However, I don’t consider that is a great measure for students. The evaluation of a good student should focus on not only the grade, but also the students’ physical and mental quality, manipulative ability, innovation capability and so on. Therefore, I think the education measure in Finland is great, because we can’t divide students into different class by measuring their scores, which is disrespectful for students.

In the matter of teacher, teachers could receive more respect in Finland. Teacher is the one of most popular professions in Finland, which can be given extensive freedom in developing their own work with high welfare.

It is necessary that the requirement of a teacher in Finland is higher than other countries’. All teachers in Finland must have a master degree,[5] which shows the high standard of teaching. Besides, the teacher preparation institutions are highly selective owing to the requirement of high-quality teacher education. Only one of ten applicants would be accepted, based on multiple measures, including an essay, an entry test, an interview, and evidence of a high motivation to teach.[6]

In addition to studying liberal arts subjects and the subjects they will teach, future teachers study pedagogy, theory, and conduct research about education. It is necessary for them to learn how to teach students with disabilities, and treat students with their mental health. For becoming a teacher, they need to take at least five years to practice teaching. Only then may they become teachers. What I have mentioned above show that not only the teachers but also the government take the study of education seriously.

The next reason is what I really want in China—higher education is completely free. As a student who lives in a middle-class family, the cost of higher education especially takes up a large part of the household expenses.

However, Finland views education as a basic human right, and as such, free of cost to students. Thus, graduates of higher education in Finland don’t need to pay off the student debt so that they can receive as much education as they require without any cost, because it is good for the development of students. If student need to pay for the high cost of their education, there is no doubt that they would have to be busy with quite a few part-time jobs so that they could not spend much time in their study. Otherwise, they could receive more time in study or other extracurricular activities, and save more money for their family.

To sum up, the reasons that why Finland would be the education leader in the world are various, which can be divided into the aspects of education system, teachers, and students. There is an old Chinese saying:“reject the dross and assimilate the essence.” As far as I am concerned, the education of Finland should gained extensive attention from other counties, especially China. Only when the Chinese education gains more essence from other powerful education country, the Chinese national will become stronger, more independent and creative, which is beneficial for the development of China.

[1] theatlantic.com—What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland’s School Success

[2] Kacper Pempel , The Secret to Finland’s Success With Schools, Moms, Kids[N] , Reuters, JUL 11, 2013

[3] cnn.com—Why Finland’s schools are top-notch

[4] theatlantic.com—What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland’s School Success

[5] NYTimes.com—education from finland

[6] edutopia.org—Teacher Education in Finland

how does media influence belief

Generally speaking, medias, originating from Latin “ mediums”, refers to the tool which people use to deliver and gain message. People use newspaper, broadcast, television, internet, magazine and mobile phone to develop medium. Human live in a society that counts on information and communication to keep moving in the right decision and do our daily activities like job, entertainment as well as education.

Belief is conviction that we emphasize on. We could not realize our value without it. Belief develops from the heart and mind not from the religion or party. The religion and party play a part in accelerating it. It is individual conscious behavior. Thus, everyone will react differently when they deal with the same events or matters. Belief is the fundamental emotion of human beings, it is beyond reality. Belief is different from faith, the things you believe call “faith”. Belief is something that people put their soul. Morality is attached to human development. Belief decides on human morality fundamentally, it not only gives morality the nature of self-discipline and meaning, but also is people’s spiritual and moral choice of coordinates. Our beliefs on the other hand are assumptions that we make about the world. They grow from what we see, hear, experience, read and think about and they apply not only how we see ourselves but also how we see other people.  We tend not to question our beliefs because we are so certain about them and many of them stem from childhood.  Our beliefs can be changed or turned round by the ‘re-programming’ of our subconscious. Like values our beliefs can be split into two different types empowering beliefs and limiting beliefs.  Empowering beliefs help us to confidently make changes.  We use our empowering beliefs to make decisions in what can often be an ambiguous world. Limiting beliefs do the exact opposite and keep us rooted in particular positions.  Our limiting beliefs are often based on assumptions that are not true.  For example – saying you can’t learn a language. If you spend a lot of time saying that you can’t do something then for that time it will be true.

Common person in the city usually wake up, check the newspaper and watch their mobile phone while having breakfast or walking on their way to company as possible as they can. The get information on the media and make their decision. We have to be aware that our beliefs and values are based on what we know for a fact, our assumptions and our own experience. We usually know what we have to do based on our experience and beliefs. Unfortunately, we rely on the media to get the current news and facts about what is important and what we should be aware of .With the rapid development of technology, a large amount of new entertainment ways appear in our daily life, movie and television are two of them. In my opinion, there is no doubt that watching movies and television can influence people’s life in every aspect, both positive influence and negative affection. For instance, movies and television can broaden our horizon and provide us with more chances to learn useful knowledge. As for movies, we know that different country’s movies are based on their own culture. So we can watch American movies to feel American people’s passion; European movie’s romantic rhythm, and so on. These movies help overcome some prejudices and discover and rediscover the cultural identity. As for television, many programs like “Discovery” will not only teach us much knowledge but also show the nature beauty. So we can see all kinds of places of interest in the TV without going out. Besides, television brings us the latest news happened all over the world. We can know Libya was involved in a war. We can hear Obama’s speech in Washington. We will be informed of the coming disasters and take timely measures. Secondly, we can relax ourselves by watching movies or television. When we are tired of working or studying, when we have problems troubling our life, we can watch TV or movies to escape all of these for a while.  But I don’t mean we should hide from our life, I just think that after relaxing ourselves, maybe we will get a new attitude to our problems and solve them wisely. On the other hand, it is common for people to invite friends to go to cinema to watch the movies and our favorite stars become a new popular topic among us. Thirdly, movies and television can strengthen our good belief to the society or the life. Nowadays, many young people don’t have a faith. They think everyone considers himself and they can’t change the whole society. So they just fight for their personal profit no matter what method then should take. However, the themes of many movies change their wrong ideology. For example, Old Boy teaches us to insist on our dream, The Great Debaters tells us to fight for freedom,  I am a special soldier let us learn to be loyal to our country, Titanic makes us believe the immortal love,  All Quiet on the Western Front advocates peace to us.

In conclusion, we live in the world full of medium; the media shows us a lot of, we touch them and learn from them. As a result, our belief is influenced by that media’ advertising and the theme of a series of TV or movies.